Retirement plans

The Vanguard Group, Inc.

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Investing doesn’t require wealth or a course in advanced economics. Just a few basic guidelines can help you manage your investments.

Glossary


Stocks: A security that represents part ownership, or equity, in a corporation. Each share of stock is a proportional stake in the corporations assets and profits, some of which could be paid out as dividends.

Glossary


Bonds: A debt security (IOU) issued by a corporation, government, or government agency in exchange for the money the bondholder lends it. In most instances, the issuer agrees to pay back the loan by a specific date and make regular interest payments until that date.

Glossary


Short-term reserves: Investments in interest-bearing bank deposits, money market instruments, U.S. Treasury bills, and short-term bonds.

Glossary


Risk tolerance: An investor's ability or willingness to endure declines in the prices of investments while waiting for them to increase in value.